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Lie-Nielsen Beveled Edge Chisel

Beveled edge chisel

Beveled edge chisels are used for a variety purposes such as rough chopping to fine paring.  Beveled edge chisels have parallel sides that are beveled down but finish in a small flat of about 20 thousandths of an inch to give the cutting edge a bit of stability but still thin enough to get into some tight corners.  The cutting edge is square to the sides and the back is ground flat an finished with a 400 grit.

Socket design handle.

Lie-Nielsen have a handle which fits into a socket, this enables it to be easily replaced should it become damaged or you require another type of handle for the work that your doing.  The socket has a slight offset which puts an angle on the handle to enable you pare with the back of the blade flat on the work Most chisel have a metal tang, which is a spike that inserts into the centre of the handle and a metal ferrule that prevents the handle from splitting.  This style of handle is difficult to replace.

To remove the socket handle just tap the side of the handle lightly on the bench and this will loosen it enough to pull it out.  To replace the handle put it in the socket and tap the end to tighten it.  You must be careful how you grasp the chisel blade when doing this so as not to cut your hand.

Lie-Nielsen chisels are made of hornbeam and come in two sizes, standard and a longer size for paring.

Using a Beveled Edge Chisel

Always pick up the chisel by the socket just in case the handle has come loose. If you pick it up by the handle and it is loose the blade could be dropped and damage or worse, cause an injury. These chisels can be used for chopping or paring.

Chopping

The chisel is held at 90 degrees to the wood and the blade inserted inserted into the knife or marking guage linewith the back of the blade against the shoulder.  The chisel is then driven in with  a mallet or hammer, at first lightly and then when there is a shoulder to prevent the wedging action pushing the blade below the knife line more force can be used.

Paring

The chisel is rested on its back or bevel and small amounts of wood are gently lifted off the surface.  When the bevel is down the action is a less agressive and when the back of the chisel is down larger amounts can be removed.


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