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Woodworking Tools

This page on woodworking tools is mainly about  hand tools.

Woodworking hand tools, Tools I used today

Woodworking hand tools—skvidal (Flickr.com)

I think it is essential to learn to use and sharpen hand tools before moving on to power tools and machines.   The added benefit of starting with hand tools is they can be picked up for a fraction of the cost of a power tool.  So if your new to woodworking you can make a start without a massive outlay of cash.
As the site develops I will add sections on power tools and woodworking machines.

Hand Tools

Click on the video links below  to play the videos

Planes

In these videos “1sdrummer2″ shares some really great content, he is obviously an avid woodworker to have such a large collection of planes.He divides the different types of planes into three categories

Bench Planes – which include smoothing planes, jack planes and dimension planes.

Block Planes – Low angle planes for trimming, especially end grain.

Special Planes – Planes which have specific jobs such as cutting rebates or grooves.

The first video covers Bench Planes.

Smoothing planes are classified as:- no.1, no.2, no.3, no.4. and n0.41/2. These are used for planing the wood ready for final finishing.

Jack Planes :- no.5, no.51/4, no.51/2.  are general purpose planes.

Dimension Planes :- planing rough sawn timber down to finished size.

  • no.6 – Foreplane for rough work before flattening.
  • no.7 – Try plane for flattening timber
  • no.8 – Jointer plane for flattening edges.

 

The second videos demonstrates block planes and special purpose planes.

Block Planes

Block planes are the simpest to set up and use.  They have a low angle blade.  They are used for triming flush and trimming end grain.  They have a knurled knob which controls the adjustments of the blade backwards and forwards.  The width of the mouth opening is adjusted by loosening the knob on the front and moving the lever left or right.

Special Planes

These are planes with very specific jobs.

  • no. 78 – Fillister plane, used to cut recesses across the edge of a board.
  • no. 92 – Shoulder plane, used to trim the shoulders of a tenon or fix the bottom of dado or grooves.
  • no. 79 – Side Rebate plane, used to enlarge rebates.
  • n0. 71 – Router, or more picturesquely called “Old Woman’s Tooth” used to cut grooves.
  • n0. 1350 – Combination plane, has interchangeable blades which can cut tongue and groove, straight cutes or mouldings.
  • Cabinet scraper – used for very difficult grain where a normal plane would cause tearing.
  • Spokeshaves.
    • no. 151 – Flat bottom for smoothing convex shapes.
    • n0. 151R – Round bottom for smoothing concave shapes.
    • no. 50 – Convex
    • no. 50 – Concave

 

Hand Saws

This is a really good overview of the different kinds of hand saw,  it classifies them as three types:-

Open blade;

Frame saw;

Back saw.

Open Blade saws

Includes Panel saws, Cross-cut saws, Pit saws, keyhole saws, these are used in a variety of situations such as cutting thick pieces of wood, long cuts in wood and cuts in the centre of a piece of timber.

Back Saws

In this category are found Dovetail saws, Mitre saws and joinery saws.  These saws have a back which stiffens the thin blade allowing for saws with a greater accuracy.   The depth and the length of the blade determines its use.

Frame saw

Include Fretsaws, Coping saws, Band saws, these saws a used for regular cuts or curved cuts and are especially good for cutting out the waste in joints.  They have a very thin, narrow that can turn in its own kerf.  The blade is supported  by an elongated frame.

Saw have two kinds of teeth :-

Rip teeth which are at 90 degrees to the blade and act like mini chisels which cut with the grain;

Cross-cut teeth which are at an angle to the blade and act like mini knives that are able to cut across the grain.

Teeth also vary in size, the smaller the size the more there are to the inch and the finer the cut they make.

The “set” of the teeth is the amount a tooth is bent out from the blade, this widens the groove (known as the “kerf”) in which the blade moves. A narrow kerf is harder to work because the saw “binds” but more accurate than a wide kerf where the blade can move freely but can tilt to one side or the other reducing the smoothness and accuracy of the cut.

Chisels

Chisels are one of the simplest woodworking tools to describe and use.  They are used for paring and chopping.

Chisels come in a variety of sizes 1/4″ (6mm) to 2″ (50mm).  Different manufacturers produce slightly different ranges of sizes.

Chisels vary according to their purpose.

The basic bench chisel or bevel-edged is an all purpose chisel and if you only get one kind of chisel these would be the ones to get.

Dovetail chisel

Mortice chisel – are chisels with square sides used for cutting out mortices, they are thicker as they are used for chopping and levering out waste from mortices.

Skew chisels

Carving chisels

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